Floras of clastic and peat-forming Pennsylvanian wetlands: are they different? A case study from the Upper Radnice Coal (late Duckmantian), Kladno Coalfield, Czech Republic
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Science, Albertov 6, 128 43, Prague 2, Czech Republic. firstname.lastname@example.org
Palaeontology Department, West Bohemian Museum in Plzeň, Kopeckého sady 2, 301 36 Plzeň, Czech Republic. email@example.com
Czech Geological Survey, Klárov 131/3 118 21 Praha 1, Czech Republic. Zbynek.firstname.lastname@example.org
National Museum, Václavské 68, 115 79 Praha 1, Czech Republic. email@example.com
Floras of two ecologically and taphonomically different fossiliferous horizons associated with the late Duckmantian Upper Radnice Coal in the Kladno Coalfield are compared. Observations made in coal mines suggest that the Velká opuka bears autochthonous in situ preserved peat-forming vegetation, whereas the Mydlák is a lacustrine sediment that contains mostly drifted allochthonous and locally parautochthonous plant associations derived from coastal mostly clastic wetlands. Material from museum collections and our own field data show that floras of both fossiliferous horizons consist of representatives of the same families and genera but differ in their proportions and to a large part in species compositions. This is demonstrated by only 40 % overlap of 89 plant species identified in both horizons. Flora of the Velká opuka is dominated by lycopsids, either by arborescent lepidodendrids or by the sub-arborescent genus Omphalophloios. Co-dominant are sphenopsids and locally common are ferns and cordaitaleans. The Mydlák flora is more diverse and dominates by pteridosperms, whereas the proportion of lycopsids is lower and their composition partly different. Taxa abundant in the Velká opuka and nearly absent in the Mydlák include Omphalophloios feistmantelii, Lepidodendron longifolium and L. ophiurus. Abundant in the Mydlák and mostly missing in the Velká opuka are Laveineopteris tenuifolia, L. bohemica, Sphenopteris spiniformis, Eusphenopteris nummularia, Lepidodendron aculeatum and L. mannebachense. Prevalence of pteridosperms in clastic wetland floras of the Mydlák is in agreement with existing observations.
Keywords: Pennsylvanian, palaeoecology, plant taphonomy, clastic swamp, peat swamp.
How to cite: Opluštil, S., Pšenička, J., Šimůnek, Z. & Libertín, M. 2016. Floras of clastic and peat-forming Pennsylvanian wetlands: are they different? A case study from the Upper Radnice Coal (late Duckmantian), Kladno Coalfield, Czech Republic. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 31 (1), 145-180.
RReceived 26 February 2016, Accepted 14 March 2016, Published 30 June 2016