Research Paper

Geometric morphometrics of 4D motion data: a proof of concept for applications in palaeoanthropology


MARTA GÓMEZ-RECIO
Paleoanthropology Group, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, J. G. Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain; marta. gomezrecio@estudiante.uam.es
Corresponding author

JOSÉ MARÍA GONZÁLEZ-RUÍZ
Paleoanthropology Group, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, J. G. Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain; marta. josemaria.gonzalezr@estudiante.uam.es

JAVIER RUEDA
Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences- INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain; javier.ruedao@alumnos.upm.es

ALEJANDRO F. SAN JUAN
Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences- INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain; alejandro.sanjuan@upm.es

ENRIQUE NAVARRO
Department of Health and Human Performance, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sports Sciences- INEF, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain; enrique.navarro@upm.es

BENOIT BEYER
Laboratory of Functional Anatomy (LAF); Faculty of Medicine Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP619, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium; bbeyer@ulb.be

Faculty of Motor Sciences, Laboratory of Anatomy, Biomechanics and Organogenesis (LABO); Faculty of Medicine Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP619, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Bruxelles, Belgium.

MARKUS BASTIR
Paleoanthropology Group, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, J. G. Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain; marta. mbastir@mncn.csic.es


ABSTRACT

This paper presents a proof of concept in the study of human respiratory motion from a palaeoanthropological approach. The hybrid methodology proposed merges Motion Capture techniques (optoelectronic plethysmography) with 3D geometric morphometrics of the superior torso surface during incremental running exercise. Results reveal the importance of the expiratory phase during high-intensity exercise breathing and arouse a discussion about the structure and function of the respiratory system in human evolution.

Key words: Palaeoanthropology, Functional Anatomy, Breathing physiology, Motion-capture.

How to cite: Gómez-Recio, M., González-Ruíz, J.M., Rueda, J., San Juena, A.F., Navarro, E., Beyer, B., & Bastir, M. 2022. Geometric morphometrics of 4D motion data: a proof of concept for applications in palaeoanthropology. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 37(2), 141-152

Received 15 September 2022, Accepted 2 December 2022, Published online 27 December2022

https://doi.org/10.7203/sjp.25648