Research paper

Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscs of the Lower Pleistocene of the Barranco León site (Guadix-Baza Basin)

Departamento de Botánica y Geología. Facultad de Biología. Universitat de València. C/ Dr. Moliner, 50. 46100 Burjassot.
Corresponding author

Departamento de Química Analítica. C/ Doctor Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, España;


The results obtained in the analysis of the malacological assemblage of two samples belonging to layer D of the Lower Pleistocene deposit of Barranco León (Guadix-Baza Basin) are presented. The main results obtained are the list of species of the malacological assemblage and their relative abundance, which indicate their marked aquatic character. On the other hand, despite the limitations imposed by the scarcity of taphonomic information and the caution suggested by certain indicators, a paleoenvironmental interpretation of the conditions existing at the time of the deposit is provided, based on the analysis of the ecological requirements of each taxon. These would correspond to the marginal zone of a permanent lake, oligohaline, of lentic regime, with little depth, presence of macrophytes and existence of thermal upwellings. This lake would be surrounded by littoral vegetation in what would constitute a strip of hygrophilic fl ora framed in an open space in which the climatic conditions would be more xeric in character and in we would fi nd a Mediterranean scrub otted with tree clusters.

Key words: Continental molluscs, Pleistocene, Guadix-Baza Basin, Barranco León.

How to cite: Albesa, J. & Robles, F. 2020. Contribución al conocimiento de los moluscos del Pleistoceno Inferior del yacimiento de Barranco León (Cuenca de Guadix-Baza). [Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscs of the Lower Pleistocene of the Barranco León site (Guadix-Baza Basin)]. Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 35 (1), 125-146.

Received 1 March 2019, Accepted 20 April 2020, Published 30 June 2020

(Spanish only)